For the people of Indonesia, there are various traditional ceremonies inherited from their ancestors that aim to maintain safety, peace, and gratitude. One of the Javanese traditions that is still often practiced today is bancaan weton. Bancaan weton or commonly called wetonan is a birthday celebration based on the calculation of the Javanese calendar which rotates every 35 days. That is, in the Javanese tradition the anniversary of human birth is celebrated once every 35 days. Unlike birthdays for the general and modern people which are celebrated every year. The purpose of wetonan is as gratitude to God as well as hope to ask for safety and success in life. A child who is often made wetonan by his parents, it is believed that the child's life will be better, careful, controlled, and avoid calamity. As for some areas in Java that call wetonan as tironan.
The root of the implementation of wetonan in Javanese society is deep belief in ancestors and understanding and controlling human desires through sedulur papat limo pancer. For Javanese natives, of course, they often hear the term sedulur papat limo pancer from their parents, grandmother, or great-grandmother. The term is believed by kejawen adherents that each human individual has four brothers and five as the center. This means that humans are a form of unity of existence when they are born in the world. The five forms are 1) kakang crater, amniotic fluid as the eldest brother that protects us from the womb; 2) the placenta, which is the name for the placenta/placenta which is in charge of delivering us when we are born; 3) getih, namely blood as a protector of humans from the womb and in life; 4) the navel, namely the placental cord that connects the mother with the baby as well as as a distributor of nutrition and food for the baby; 5) pancer, namely our own body which is the center of life in the world. Javanese people believe that as humans, we must be able to harmonize these five things. The ingredients for bancaan weton are white rice made with tumpeng, sugar cane, ingkung, Gudangan/kuluban, boiled eggs, urap spices/ Gudangan sambal, market snacks, setaman flowers, seven kinds of porridge, and coins.
Photo source: goodnewsfromindonesia.id
Writer: Lensa Khoirul Jannah Sonida