Getting to know the puppet character of Hanoman Part 2

Getting to know the puppet character of Hanoman Part 2

As the son of Batara Guru, he was raised under the guidance of Batara Bayu, educated to be a brave, powerful, and unyielding warrior. He studied all the sciences, ranging from the science of statehood, government, and the science of war. Hanoman has several names such as Bayutanaya, because he is considered the son of Batara Bayu, Wanaraseta which means white-haired monkey, and Mayangkara after becoming a priest.

The name Hanuman is often associated with anom which means young. Hanuman has the character or character of being brave, polite, loyal, a great warrior, good at singing and speaking, humble, firm in his stance, strong and steadfast. This trait is described in its role through the form of the Hanoman puppet (Heru S. Sudjarwo, 2010: 238). The figure of Hanoman has important values ??to emulate. The first is the fidelity of life. This is reflected in the life history of the Hanoman when he was destined to devote himself to his uncle, Raden Sugriwa in Kiskenda Cave. It was there that Hanoman also witnessed how his other uncle, Raden Subali, acted arbitrarily. However, he understood that both of them still had to be respected. Until the abuse reached its peak, Raden Sugriwa was expelled from Kiskenda Cave. Hanoman followed him, never leaving his uncle until the end. The second is self-monitoring/control. Raden Hanoman was once trusted and sent by Sri Rama to find out the whereabouts of Dewi Sinta. Because of Hanoman's power, he easily found the Goddess and he could return it to Sri Rama right away. However, because the rights and obligations he was given were limited to finding out his whereabouts, he did not do that even though the opportunity was always there. The third is submission. This is reflected in the life history of the Hanuman. In the wayang story, it is known that Ravana, had lost a great battle against Sri Rama, but did not just die, his spirit continued to wander which might endanger the peace. Hanoman's knight spirit keeps the spirit from disturbing the peace of the world. This is what causes Hanoman to have a long life of several generations until the Ramayana story ends and ends after the great war of Baratayuda until the birth of Parikesit who becomes King of Astina. This is Hanoman, the great knight who always makes sure and promises to keep the peace going.

Hanuman in the wayang version has two children, the first named Trigangga and the second named Purwaganti who only appeared during the Pandavas era. Purwaganti was credited with rediscovering Yudhisthira's heirloom, named Jimat Kalimasada. He was born to a priest's daughter whom Hanoman married named Purwati. It is said that Hanuman's life history is very long. In the play Anoman Mukswa it is told that it is not easy for Hanoman to reach death, until one day Batara Narada gave him the last task, namely to reconcile the descendants of the Pandavas who had been at war for a long time. He disguised himself as Resi Mayangkara and succeeded in marrying the three sons of Prabu Kijing Wahono or Sri Wahono from the Yawastino country, namely Raden Hasta Darma, Raden Darma Sarana, and Raden Darma Kusuma to the daughter of Prabu Jayabaya from the country of Mamenang Widaraba, namely Dewi Sukati or Sasanti, Dewi Pramesti , and Dewi Pramuni (RM Pranoedjoe Poespaningrat, 2008:56). After that, Hanoman appeared as Jayabaya's enemy named Yaksadewa, the king of Selahuma. In the war, Hanuman died, moksha with his body, while Yaksadewa returned to his original form, namely Batara Kala, the god of death.


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