Padusan Tradition: Welcoming the Holy Month of Ramadhan in Javanese Style

Padusan Tradition: Welcoming the Holy Month of Ramadhan in Javanese Style

One of the moments most awaited by Muslims in Indonesia is the holy month of Ramadan, which comes only once a year. The month of Ramadan is characterized by inner and outer purity, therefore, in welcoming it, you need to purify yourself. The euphoria of Ramadan is felt by various levels of society in Indonesia, especially on the island of Java. Javanese people, especially Central Java and Yogyakarta, have activities to purify themselves to welcome the arrival of the holy month of Ramadan, called padusan. Padusan itself comes from the word adus which means bathing. Padusan is a ritual passed down from generation to generation to purify oneself physically and mentally. Usually Javanese people do padusan one day before the month of Ramadan begins. The procedure for doing this padusan is by soaking or bathing in a spring from noon to evening.
The beginning of the history of the emergence of the padusan tradition began from the time of the Majapahit Kingdom where Knights, Brahmins and Masters routinely performed self-purification rituals. This tradition combines elements of Hindu, Buddhist and Animist culture that have long developed on the island of Java. Later, padusan became part of the Javanese tradition which was acculturated with Islamic religious teachings by the Wali Songo. Over time, the padusan tradition continued to develop and became an important part of Indonesia's cultural heritage which was maintained by the Javanese people.
Padusan essentially has a deep meaning, namely as a means for self-introspection regarding mistakes that have been made in the past. The goal is to raise self-awareness so that you can become a better individual.

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